Rwanda Correctional Service (RCS) was established under Law N ° 34/2010 of 12/11/2010 as result of merging the former National Prisons Service (NPS) and the Executive Secretariat of National Committee of Community Services as an alternative penalty to imprisonment (TIG).
Since its establishment, RCS was mandated primarily to ensure reformation, rehabilitation and reintegration of inmates. Furthermore, RCS has to become an income generating institution with view to become self- reliance in all its needs and requirements rather than relying only on the government budget. The RCS mandate is manifested in four main pillars namely Justice, Correction, Knowledge and Production.
On 20th July 2011 the cabinet meeting chaired by His Excellence Paul KAGAME in its session appointed Maj. General Paul Rwarakabije as head of Rwanda Correctional Service and DCGP Mary Gahonzire as Deputy and officially taken over the merged institutions 0n 26 July 2011.
Rwanda Correctional Service is mandated to implement the general policy and strategies for effective management of Inmates and Tigistes with number of prisoners 52,926, number of Tigistes 744 and 1604 prison Guards as on 02/04/2016, with inadequate budget funding provided for custody and care of inmates which takes the biggest percentage of the budget.
In July 2014, there was general restructuring in all Government institutions and in September, 2014, RCS was reinforced with Officers and Men from Rwanda Defence Forces (RDF) and transformed into a security force with additional responsibilities.
The following are main responsibilities of RCS as stipulated in the Law governing Rwanda Correctional Service:
a. To implement the general policy for the management of detainees and prisoners.
b. To respect the rights of detainees and prisoners in accordance with the law.
c. To ensure the security of every detainee and prisoner until the completion of his/her sentence.
d. To respect the life, physical and moral integrity and well-being of detainees and prisoners.
e. To implement effective strategies to enable detainees and prisoners to repent and change their mentality.
f. To ensure effective management of prisons and persons serving TIG penalty.
g. To oversee the functioning of the administration of prisons and TIG.
h. To promote productivity and its effective management in prisons and TIG.
i. To develop professional skills and build capacity of RCS employees.
j. To develop the skills of detainees and prisoners, and plan sports and leisure activities for them.
k. To increase the assets of RCS.
l. Sensitization of RCS activities.